| Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples In fact, given that nobody wanted to replace the second as the base unit of time, the metre and the kilogram are the only pair of base units of length and mass such that 1. the watt is a coherent unit of power, 2. the base units of length and time are integer-power-of-ten ratios to the metre and the gram (so that the system remains 'metric'), and 3. the sizes of the base units of length and mass are convenient for practical use. If you are a webmaster of non-commercial website, please feel free to publish the image of KGS … [14], In the 19th century the French word kilo, a shortening of kilogramme, was imported into the English language where it has been used to mean both kilogram[15] and kilometre. [28] He noted that the mechanical practical units such as the joule and the watt are coherent not only in the QES system, but also in the meter-kilogram-second (MKS) system. 1 at 22. (FAQ - Mass & Density), Redefining the kilogram through the Avogadro constant. The use of SI electrical units is essentially universal worldwide (besides the clearly electrical units like the ohm, the volt, and the ampere, it is also nearly universal to use the watt when quantifying specifically, At the time, it was popular to denote decimal multiples and submultiples of quantities by using a system suggested by. [Note 6], During the second half of the 19th century, the centimetre–gram–second system of units was becoming widely accepted for scientific work, treating the gram as the fundamental unit of mass and the kilogram as a decimal multiple of the base unit formed by using a metric prefix. 28.9590 inHg 0°C (32°F) 18. For this reason, the practical system also included coherent units for certain mechanical quantities. 'kg' is the S.I unit of mass and just like any other unit, it deserves to be treated the way it is. This page is all about the acronym of KGS and its meanings as Kings. Du temps où il était en vigueur, le prototype international du kilogramme était rarement … "The role of the Planck constant in physics" - presentation at 26th CGPM meeting at Versailles, France, November 2018 when voting on superseding the IPK took place. length, mass, and force. The French spelling was adopted in Great Britain when the word was used for the first time in English in 1795,[12][8] with the spelling kilogram being adopted in the United States. Quatre des sept unités de base du Système international sont définies par rapport au kilogramme, donc sa stabilité est importante. However, the extremely inconvenient magnitudes of the base units for length and mass made it so that no one seriously considered adopting the QES system. ACRONYMS & ABBREVIATIONS; BABY NAMES; KGS Full Form. [34] This led to the launch of SI in 1960. The pound is defined as equal to 0.45359237 kg, exactly. Find out what is the full meaning of KGM on Abbreviations.com! [11] In the decree of 1795, the term gramme thus replaced gravet, and kilogramme replaced grave. Moreover, the freedom gained by making an electric unit independent from the mechanical units could be used to rationalize Maxwell's equations. All approaches would have precisely fixed one or more constants of nature at a defined value. [21], The SI system was introduced in 1960, and in 1970 the BIPM started publishing the SI Brochure, which contains all relevant decisions and recommendations by the CGPM concerning units. It is equal to the magnitude of the force exerted on one kilogram of mass in a 9.80665 m/s2 gravitational field. [2] This allows a properly-equipped metrology laboratory to calibrate a mass measurement instrument such as a Kibble balance as the primary standard to determine an exact kilogram mass, although the IPK and other precision kilogram masses remain in use as secondary standards for all ordinary purposes. See more. Also, explore tools to convert Atomic mass unit or kilogram to other weight and mass units or … Unit definition is - the first and least natural number : one. 0.0980665 MPa 9. The values are 107 metres (one half of a meridian of the Earth, called a quadrant) and 10−11 grams (called an eleventh-gram[Note 11]). In the United Kingdom, because serious medication errors have been made from the confusion between milligrams and micrograms when micrograms has been abbreviated, the recommendation given in the Scottish Palliative Care Guidelines is that doses of less than one milligram must be expressed in micrograms and that the word, The hectogram (100 g) is a very commonly used unit in the retail food trade in Italy, usually called an. Major Meanings of KGS The following image presents the most commonly used meanings of KGS. The kilogram is the only base SI unit with an SI prefix (kilo) as part of its name. Conversion of units describes equivalent units of mass in other systems. Any practical electrical unit could be chosen as the new fundamental unit, independent from the meter, kilogram, and second. 'Kaplan Gehring McCarroll' is one option -- get in to view more @ The Web's largest and most authoritative acronyms and abbreviations resource. All these conversion can be obtained from the table MARM. It is this system that has since then been called the MKS system,[32] The kilogram-force, or kilopond, is a non-standard gravitational metric unit of force. [1][3][35], Prior to the redefinition, the kilogram and several other SI units based on the kilogram were defined by a man-made metal artefact: the Kilogramme des Archives from 1799 to 1889, and the International Prototype of the Kilogram from 1889 onward.[1]. 980.665 mbar 4. 20 (March 1985). 735559 mTorr 20. These codes are intended for use in manual and automated systems for the exchange of information between participants in international trade. Weights and Measurements. The International Committee for Weights and Measures (CIPM) approved a redefinition of the SI base units in November 2018 that defines the kilogram by defining the Planck constant to be exactly 6.62607015×10−34 kg⋅m2⋅s−1, effectively defining the kilogram in terms of the second and the metre. The watt is not coherent in the centimeter-gram-second system, but it is coherent in the meter-kilogram-second system—and in no other system whose base units of length and mass are reasonably sized decimal multiples or submultiples of the meter and the gram. Le kilogramme est la seule unité SI de base possédant un préfixe dans son nom. Updated March 2020. [33]:109,110 In 1948 the CGPM commissioned the CIPM "to make recommendations for a single practical system of units of measurement, suitable for adoption by all countries adhering to the Metre Convention". By the latest definitions of the unit, however, this relationship still has an accuracy of 30 ppm. It is a widely used measure in science, engineering and commerce worldwide, and is often simply called a kilo in everyday speech. At the 94th Meeting of the International Committee for Weights and Measures (CIPM) in 2005, it was recommended that the same be done with the kilogram.[37]. The kilogram was originally defined in 1795 as the mass of one litre of water. In 1901, Giovanni Giorgi proposed a new system of units that would remedy this state of affairs. Kilogram definition, a unit of mass equal to 1,000 grams: the basic unit of mass in the International System of Units (SI). ConvertUnits.com provides an online conversion calculator for all types of measurement units. Kilogram (kg), basic unit of mass in the metric system. To circumvent this difficulty, a third set of units was introduced: the so-called practical units. [Note 9] Indeed, the main reason why the meter and the kilogram were later chosen to be the base units of length and mass was that they are the only combination of reasonably sized decimal multiples or submultiples of the meter and the gram that can in any way be made coherent with the volt, the ampere, etc. [38][39] This resolution was accepted by the 24th conference of the CGPM[40] in October 2011 and further discussed at the 25th conference in 2014. The frequency is defined as an interval of time, during which a physical system, e.g. How to use unit in a sentence. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Kilogram&oldid=996536031, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2020, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Get KGS full form and full name in details. In the United Kingdom both spellings are used, with "kilogram" having become by far the more common. Kg-m definition, kilogram-meter; kilogram-meters. fcc-fac.ca. Namely, the combination of the meter and the kilogram was the only choice of base units of length and mass such that 1. the volt-ampere—which is also called the watt and which is the unit of power in the practical system of electrical units—is coherent, 2. the base units of length and mass are decimal multiples or submultiples of the meter and the gram, and 3. the base units of length and mass have convenient sizes. You can find metric conversion tables for SI units, as well as English … 1000 cmH2O 4°C (39.2°F) 12. (in Britain)Knight of the Order of the Garter, According to the price list issued by Capital Development Authoritys (CDA) Directorate of Municipal Administration for weekly bazaars, potatoes were being sold at Rs 84 per five, Dictionary, Encyclopedia and Thesaurus - The Free Dictionary, the webmaster's page for free fun content, Prices of fruit, vegetables skyrocketing in capital. [9] Let me explain this to you: 3 kg = 3 x 1 kg. This was a simple definition, but difficult to use in practice. 1. But Giorgi pointed out that the volt and the rest could be made coherent if one gave up on the idea that all physical quantities must be expressible in terms of dimensions of length, mass, and time, and admitted a fourth base dimension for electric quantities. This is also obvious from the fact that in both absolute and practical units, current is charge per unit time, so that the unit of time is the unit of charge divided by the unit of current. The word kilogramme or kilogram is derived from the French kilogramme,[8] which itself was a learned coinage, prefixing the Greek stem of χίλιοι khilioi "a thousand" to gramma, a Late Latin term for "a small weight", itself from Greek γράμμα. which revised the provisional system of units introduced by the French National Convention two years earlier, where the gravet had been defined as weight (poids) of a cubic centimetre of water, equal to 1/1000 of a grave. The kilogram (also kilogramme) is the base unit of mass in the International System of Units (SI), the current metric system, having the unit symbol kg. Therefore, the full absolute system of units in which the practical electrical units are coherent is the quadrant–eleventh-gram–second (QES) system. 0.980665 bar 2. Kgs definition: Kings | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples All content on this website, including dictionary, thesaurus, literature, geography, and other reference data is for informational purposes only. The kilogram or kilogramme, (symbol: kg) is the SI base unit of mass. Conversion of units describes equivalent units of mass in other systems. 32.8084 ftH2O 4°C (39.2°F) 15. 980665 dyn/cm² 23. Did You Know? ›› Metric conversions and more. The word kilogramme was written into French law in 1795, in the Decree of 18 Germinal,[10] However, unlike the watt and the joule, the explicitly electrical and magnetic units (the volt, the ampere...) are not coherent even in the (absolute three-dimensional) meter-kilogram-second system. The volt was chosen as, To see this, we first note that the dimensions of energy are, Criterion: A combined total of at least five occurrences on the, The practice of using the abbreviation "mcg" rather than the SI symbol "μg" was formally mandated in the US for medical practitioners in 2004 by the, The density of water is 0.999972 g/cm3 at 3.984 °C. one where only length, mass, and time are the base dimensions) was a departure from a viewpoint that seemed to underlie the early breakthroughs by Gauss and Weber (especially their famous ‘absolute measurements' of Earth's magnetic field[30]:54–56), and it took some time for the scientific community to accept it—not least because many scientists clung to the notion that the dimensions of a quantity in terms of length, mass, and time somehow specify its ‘fundamental physical nature’. Unit of issue It is defined in work scheduling view of the material master. 10 mH2O 4°C (39.2°F) 13. It is one of the best place for finding expanded names. A kilogram is very nearly equal (it was originally intended to be exactly equal) to the mass of 1,000 cubic cm of water. These are the weights and measures popular in North India before the adoption of the metric system. The Kibble balance is one way to do this. [Note 7] of electromagnetism: the ‘electrostatic’ (CGS-ESU) system and the ‘electromagnetic’ (CGS-EMU) system. Kg definition: kg is an abbreviation for → kilogram or → kilograms . unit definition: 1. a single thing or a separate part of something larger: 2. a piece of furniture or equipment…. As the pascal is very small unit, relative to industrial pressures, the kilopascal is commonly used. [43] For instance, one-millionth of a kilogram is 1 mg (one milligram), not 1 μkg (one microkilogram). [Note 8]. Some of these approaches were based on equipment and procedures that would enable the reproducible production of new, kilogram-mass prototypes on demand (albeit with extraordinary effort) using measurement techniques and material properties that are ultimately based on, or traceable to, physical constants. In 1946 the CIPM approved a proposal to adopt the ampere as the electromagnetic unit of the "MKSA system". KGS stands for Kilogram (also Kings and 87 more) What is the abbreviation for Kilogram?-1. Search options; Acronym Meaning; How to Abbreviate; List of Abbreviations; Popular categories; Business; Medical; Military; Slang; Technology; Clear; Suggest . Up until 2019 the kilogram was defined as equal to the mass of an international prototype, a platinum-iridium cylinder kept in Sèvres, France. 735559 µHg 0°C (32°F) 25. 14.2233 psi 3. for telegraphy). Learn more. Looking for the definition of KGS? The reason is that electrical quantities cannot be isolated from mechanical and thermal ones: they are connected by relations such as current × electric potential difference = power. All approaches depend on converting a weight measurement to a mass, and therefore require the precise measurement of the strength of gravity in laboratories. The new definition took effect on 20 May 2019. For example, the previous equation implies that ampere × volt is a coherent derived practical unit of power;[Note 10] this unit was named the watt. The base unit of time in CGS-EMU is then the abcoulomb per abampere, but that ratio is the same as the coulomb per ampere, since the units of current and charge both use the same conversion factor, This can be shown from the definitions of, say, the volt, the ampere, and the coulomb in terms of the EMU units. KGS stands for Kilogram. Instant free online tool for Atomic mass unit to kilogram conversion or vice versa. fcc-fac.ca . [Note 3] This would still leave out the purely electrical and magnetic units: while the purely mechanical practical units such as the watt are coherent in the metre-kilogram-second system, the explicitly electrical and magnetic units such as the volt, the ampere, etc. Pressure units Pascal Bar Technical atmosphere Standard atmosphere Torr Pound per square inch (Pa) (bar) (at) (atm) (Torr) (lbf/in 2) 1 735.559 mmHg 0°C (32°F) 16. [Note 13]. KGS abbreviation stands for Kilogram. [1] The kilogram was the last of the SI units to be defined by a physical artefact. However, the sizes of its units remained either too large or too small—by many orders of magnitude—for practical applications. 1. All Acronyms. Force unit conversion between newton and kg.m/s^2, kg.m/s^2 to newton conversion in batch, N kg.m/s2 conversion chart Briefly, by the end of the 19th century, the 'practical units' for electric and magnetic quantities such as the ampere and the volt were well established in practical use (e.g. [41][42] Although the Committee recognised that significant progress had been made, they concluded that the data did not yet appear sufficiently robust to adopt the revised definition, and that work should continue to enable the adoption at the 26th meeting, scheduled for 2018. 98.0665 kPa 8. Abbreviation: … Please note that Kings is not the only meaning of KGS. 393.701 inH2O 4°C (39.2°F) 14. Therefore, one kilogram-force is by definition equal to 9.80665 N. Similarly, a gram-force is 9.80665 mN, and a milligram-force is 9.80665 μN. 10000 mmH2O 4°C (39.2°F) 11. What does KGS stand for? This led to several competing efforts to develop measurement technology precise enough to warrant replacing the kilogram artefact with a definition based directly on physical fundamental constants. Because SI prefixes may not be concatenated (serially linked) within the name or symbol for a unit of measure, SI prefixes are used with the unit gram, not kilogram, which already has a prefix as part of its name. That is, it is the weight of a kilogram under standard gravity. ›› Definition: Kg. Kilogram-force is a non-standard unit … [13] UK law regulating the units to be used when trading by weight or measure does not prevent the use of either spelling. The SI Brochure states that "It is not permissible to use abbreviations for unit symbols or unit names ...". The kilogram is now defined in terms of the second and the metre, based on fixed fundamental constants of nature. [22][Note 2], As it happens, it is mostly because of units for electromagnetism that the kilogram rather than the gram was eventually adopted as the base unit of mass in the SI. Top KGS acronym meaning: Kyrgyzstan Som What are the differences between mass, weight, force and load? [16] While kilo as an alternative is acceptable, to The Economist for example,[17] the Canadian government's Termium Plus system states that "SI (International System of Units) usage, followed in scientific and technical writing" does not allow its usage and it is described as "a common informal name" on Russ Rowlett's Dictionary of Units of Measurement. 'Kansas Geological Survey' is one option -- get in to view more @ The Web's largest and most authoritative acronyms and abbreviations resource. 1000 kPa ≈ 145 lbf/in 2. Visit to know long meaning of KGS acronym and abbreviations. [25] The practical units included such units as the volt, the ampere, the ohm, etc.,[26][27] which were later incorporated in the SI system and which we use to this day. Yes, the unit is kilogram per kilogram, but it means kilogram of water (moisture) per kilogram of air. [31]:24, 26[29]. Thus, people working on practical applications of electricity had to use units for electrical quantities and for energy and power that were not coherent with the units they were using for e.g. It was noticed that the purely mechanical practical units such as the watt would be coherent in a system in which the base unit of length was the meter and the base unit of mass was the kilogram. The microgram is typically abbreviated "mcg" in pharmaceutical and nutritional supplement labelling, to avoid confusion, since the "μ" prefix is not always well recognised outside of technical disciplines. Meanings of KGS in English As mentioned above, KGS is used as an acronym in text messages to represent Kings. The former standard spelling and abbreviation "deka-" and "dk" produced abbreviations such as "dkm" (dekametre) and "dkg" (dekagram). It is defined by taking the fixed numerical value of the Planck constant h to be 6.626 070 15 × 10 −34 when expressed in the unit J⋅s, which is equal to kg⋅m 2 ⋅s −1, where the metre and the second are defined in terms of c and Δν Cs. It is defined as being equal to the mass of the international prototype of the kilogram. By the 1920s, dimensional analysis had become much better understood[29] and it was becoming widely accepted that the choice of both the number and of the identities of the fundamental dimensions should be dictated by convenience only and that there is nothing truly fundamental about the dimensions of a quantity. 735.559 Torr 19. After sending a small quantity (100 kgs) of veal to its two Japanese importers in late December (to make sure it passed customs, explained Batista), Écolait began exporting large quantities to the island-nation this week: an air shipment of between 1,100-3,000 kgs and a sea container of 20,000 kgs. Avogadro and molar Planck constants for the redefinition of the kilogram, Realization of the awaited definition of the kilogram, "In the balance: scientists vote on first change to kilogram in a century". In the practical system, we know that the base unit of time is the second, so the coulomb per ampere gives the second. The coherent unit of power, when written out in terms of the base units of length, mass, and time, is (base unit of mass) × (base unit of length), A system in which the base quantities are length, mass, and time, and, We will see that there is only one three-dimensional 'absolute' system. kg meaning: 1. written abbreviation for kilogram 2. abbreviation for kilogram 3. written abbreviation for…. although ‘MKSA’ appears in careful usage. The kilogram has since been redefined in terms of universal physical constants, including the speed of light and Planck's constant. [1] Physical standard masses such as the IPK and its replicas still serve as secondary standards. However, as the century drew to a close, there was widespread dissatisfaction with the state of units for electricity and magnetism in the CGS system. To begin with, there were two obvious choices for absolute units. 980.665 hPa 7. The idea that one should give up on having a purely ‘absolute’ system (i.e. Likely candidates for the fourth independed unit included the coulomb, the ampere, the volt, and the ohm, but eventually the ampere proved to be the most convenient as far as metrology. But the main problem was that the sizes of coherent electric and magnetic units were not convenient in either of these systems; for example, the ESU unit of electrical resistance, which was later named the statohm, corresponds to about 9×1011 ohm, while the EMU unit, which was later named the abohm, corresponds to 10−9 ohm. are not. Others were based on devices that measured either the acceleration or weight of hand-tuned kilogram test masses and which expressed their magnitudes in electrical terms via special components that permit traceability to physical constants. The UK's National Physical Laboratory (NPL): Australian National Measurement Institute: International Bureau of Weights and Measures (BIPM): This page was last edited on 27 December 2020, at 04:54. [41] Such a definition would theoretically permit any apparatus that was capable of delineating the kilogram in terms of the Planck constant to be used as long as it possessed sufficient precision, accuracy and stability. All Acronyms has a list of 83 KGS definitions. A gram is defined as one thousandth of a kilogram. 98066.5 Pa 6. What does KGS stand for? For quite a long time, the ESU and EMU units did not have special names; one would just say, e.g. Le kilogramme, dont le symbole est kg, est l'unité de base de masse dans le Système international d'unités (SI). 1 kgf/cm² 10. However, the 'practical units' also included some purely mechanical units; in particular, the product of the ampere and the volt gives a purely mechanical unit of power, the watt. A gram is defined as one thousandth of a kilogram. You can down the image file in PNG format for offline use or send it to your friends by email. Learn more. 98066.5 N/m² 5. In October 2010, the CIPM voted to submit a resolution for consideration at the General Conference on Weights and Measures (CGPM), to "take note of an intention" that the kilogram be defined in terms of the Planck constant, h (which has dimensions of energy times time, thus mass × length2 / time) together with other physical constants. Unfortunately, they were not coherent with the then-prevailing base units for length and mass, the centimeter and the gram. The practical units were obtained as decimal multiples of coherent CGS-EMU units, chosen so that the resulting magnitudes were convenient for practical use and so that the practical units were, as far as possible, coherent with each other. The kilogram or kilogramme, (symbol: kg) is the SI base unit of mass. 0.967841 atm 21. A Yottavolt is a SI-multiple (see prefix Exa) of the electric potential unit volt and equal to 1.0 × 10 +24 V). Looking for the definition of KGM? A tonne per cubic meter (t/m³) is a derived metric SI (System International) measurement unit of density, that used to measure volume in cubic meters in order to estimate weight or mass in tonnes. Item unit of measure codes are used in international trade as adopted by the ECB Working party on Facilitation of International Trade Procedures in Recommendation No. Indeed, one can work out what the base units of length and mass have to be in order for all the practical units to be coherent (the watt and the joule as well as the volt, the ampere, etc.). 227.573 oz/in² 24. In 1960, the metre, previously similarly having been defined with reference to a single platinum-iridium bar with two marks on it, was redefined in terms of an invariant physical constant (the wavelength of a particular emission of light emitted by krypton,[36] and later the speed of light) so that the standard can be independently reproduced in different laboratories by following a written specification. The replacement of the International Prototype of the Kilogram as primary standard was motivated by evidence accumulated over a long period of time that the mass of the IPK and its replicas had been changing; the IPK had diverged from its replicas by approximately 50 micrograms since their manufacture late in the 19th century. The coherent unit of energy is then the watt times the second, which was named the joule. Find out what is the full meaning of KGS on Abbreviations.com! The relevant series of discussions and decisions started roughly in the 1850s and effectively concluded in 1946. [18][19] When the United States Congress gave the metric system legal status in 1866, it permitted the use of the word kilo as an alternative to the word kilogram,[20] but in 1990 revoked the status of the word kilo. To summarize, the ultimate reason why the kilogram was chosen over the gram as the base unit of mass was, in one word, the volt-ampere. The best place for finding expanded names the acronym of KGS replicas still serve as secondary standards is! Fixed fundamental constants of nature defined by a physical system, usually called the Lorentz–Heaviside system was... S.I unit of the second, which was named the joule one of! The latest definitions of the best place for finding expanded names KGS and its meanings as Kings was last. Weights and measures popular in North India before the adoption of the international prototype of international... 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These codes are intended for use in manual and automated systems for the definition of KGM on Abbreviations.com: Major. ‘ electrostatic ’ ( CGS-EMU ) system abbreviation for kilogram? -1 ‘... Proved very convenient for scientific work and is still used in some subfields of physics SI unit. Base possédant un préfixe dans son nom electromagnetic unit of force for length and mass, the freedom gained making... As part of this project, a third set of units was introduced: ‘. Nature at a defined value was adopted by the latest definitions of the second, which was named joule! Way to do this and the metre, based on fixed fundamental constants of nature at a defined.. Expanded names kilogram was originally defined in 1795 as the Giorgi system il était en vigueur, le prototype du! For → kilogram or kilogramme, ( symbol: kg ) kgs unit meaning Redefining kilogram... And effectively concluded in 1946 the CIPM approved a proposal to adopt the ampere as the mass the... Était rarement … Looking for the definition of KGS other systems a long time the. Roughly in the 1850s and effectively concluded in 1946 the CIPM approved a proposal to adopt the ampere as IPK. And Planck 's constant litre of water unit of measure conversion is maintained with respect to unit! Stand for [ 1 ] physical standard masses such as the IPK and its replicas still as. State of affairs describes equivalent units of mass in other systems freedom gained by making an electric unit independent the... Defined by a physical artefact thus replaced gravet, and second kilopascal is commonly used meanings of KGS acronym abbreviations. Of energy is then the watt times the second and the gram the of... For length and mass, the freedom gained by making an electric unit independent from the mechanical units could chosen... Conversion is maintained with respect to base unit of force watt times the second and the ‘ electrostatic ’ CGS-EMU... 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Which was named the joule unit could be used to rationalize Maxwell 's equations or equipment… on one of...