, Erythritol was discovered in 1848 by Scottish chemist John Stenhouse. Like most sugar alcohols, erythritol is not as sweet as sugar: It’s only about 60-80 percent as sweet. My opinion about the use of sweeteners and, specifically, erythritol: It is suitable to consume in a ketogenic diet and in any diet "low carb", (low in carbohydrates). It provides only about 6% of the calories found in an equal amount of sugar. Because of these attributes, the FDA has recognized erythritol and other sugar alcohols as beneficial to oral health. Some scientists also detect it as naturally occurring in low levels in the human body. About 10% enters the colon.  Zerose is a tradename for erythritol. The erythritol used in Splenda Brand Sweetener products is Non-GMO Project Verified and is produced by a fermentation process using non-GMO corn. Instead, it’s eliminated unchanged from the body through the urine. Erythritol (pronounced Ear-rith-ri-tall) is a type of carbohydrate called a sugar alcohol, or polyol, which are water-soluble compounds that occur naturally in many fruits and vegetables.  In males, doses greater than 0.66 g/kg body weight and in females, doses greater than 0.8 g/kg body weight, will cause laxation, and diarrhea in higher doses (over 50 grams (1.8 oz)). Erythritol is a sugar alcohol which occurs naturally in fruits such as watermelons and pears. Erythritol is a naturally-derived sugar substitute that looks and tastes very much like sugar, yet has almost no calories. The cooling effect of erythritol is very similar to that of xylitol and among the strongest cooling effects of all sugar alcohols. sugar alcohol (otherwise known as a ‘polyol’) that we can derive from sugars and starches in plants Erythritol is available in granulated form. , Erythritol has a strong cooling effect (endothermic, or positive heat of solution) when it dissolves in water, which is often compared with the cooling effect of mint flavors. This natural sweetener has practically zero calories and does not affect blood sugar or insulin levels. Erythritol is better tolerated than sorbitol or mannitol, so foods that contain erythritol do not need to carry that warning label. Two areas where erythritol is known for its positive effects are oral health and blood sugar. The name “sugar alcohol” may be misleading though, as it has nothing to do with sugar nor alcohol as we know it and is just a way to categorize the chemical structure of a compound. Erythritol is a sugar alcohol, just like other well-known sweeteners such as maltitol and xylitol.  For safe use in children, a scientific panel for the European Food Safety Authority recommended the upper limit content per food or beverage serving was 0.6 grams per kg body weight. Erythritol is also commercially produced using fermentation. Erythritol’s contributions to health go beyond the potential to replace calories from carbohydrates and sugar in our diet. Chemically, it belongs to sugar family alcohols and just like other members of the family it also acts as a sweetening agent in food items. Erythritol is a type of carbohydrate called a sugar alcohol, or polyol. Some have estimated erythritol consumption from whole foods in the U.S. to be around 25 milligrams per person per day, and more than 100 milligrams per person per day in Japan. For those following a low Fermentable Oligosaccharides Disaccharides Monosaccharides And Polyols (FODMAP) diet, food sources of erythritol are monitored because erythritol is a type of polyol. Therefore, erythritol is keto, low carb and has zero net carbs. Not all low-carb sweeteners are created equal. It is rapidly absorbed in the small intestine, but poorly metabolized, and may not carry the same health benefits as other natural sweeteners — such as monk fruit or raw honey.  At the industrial level, it is produced from glucose by fermentation with a yeast, Moniliella pollinis. Erythritol is a chemical compound, a sugar alcohol (or polyol), used as a food additive and sugar substitute. Erythritol as an antioxidant. Erythritol: Benefits and Potential Side Effects of the Keto-Friendly Sweetener | Livestrong.com If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it. , Erythritol occurs naturally in some fruit and fermented foods. The discovery of erythritol, which Stenhouse called "erythroglucin", was announced in: CS1 maint: DOI inactive as of December 2020 (, "Determination of erythritol in fermented foods by high performance liquid chromatography", "Scientific Opinion on the safety of the proposed extension of use of erythritol (E 968) as a food additive", European Commission Directive 2008/100/EC, "Human gut microbiota does not ferment erythritol", "Gastrointestinal Disturbances Associated with the Consumption of Sugar Alcohols with Special Consideration of Xylitol: Scientific Review and Instructions for Dentists and Other Health-Care Professionals", "A case of allergic urticaria caused by erythritol", "How Is Erythritol Made? Covid-19 ’ s 70 % compared to other sugars 6 ] at the industrial level, it ’ only... The keto-friendly sweetener | Livestrong.com erythritol is a naturally-derived sugar substitute like beer, watermelons, pears and.! 13.903 at 18 °C. 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